Sideritis (also known as ironwort, mountain tea and shepherd’s tea)
is a genus of flowering plants well known for their medicinal properties. They are abundant in Mediterranean regions, the Balkans, the Iberian Peninsula.
In ancient times Sideritis was a generic reference for plants capable of healing wounds caused by iron weapons during battles.
Scientists have suggested that the popular pronouncement of mountain tea as panacea may be remarkably close to the truth. Modern tests have indicated that the tea helps in the prevention of osteoporosis while its anti-oxidant properties aid in the prevention of cancer. Studies also indicate a positive effect on almost anything that ails. Sideritis is known scientifically to be anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, and anti-oxidant. Active elements include diterpenoids, flavonoids, and its essential oils. Significant research has been done on Sideritis confirming its popular use to prevent colds, flu, and allergies. Most of this research has taken place in universities in the Netherlands and in Greece, and Bulgaria where the plant is indigenous.
It is known that the Mountain tea / Sideritis scardica / is rich in diterpenoid, flavonoid and fenylpropanoid, essential oils, triterpenoids – ursolic / oleic acids, fatty acids, iridoids. Its composition determines its properties – antioxidant, antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory and healing.
In folk medicine Pirin tea / Sideritis scardica / is used mainly to treat acute and chronic bronchitis, shortness of breath in kidney disease, chronic gastritis, improve mental and physical performance in damaged liver.
To date, no known patents for the use of Mountain tea / Sideritis scardica / cosmetic products.
Biologically active cosmetic composition in the series Ile de Jardin which includes tea extract / Sideritis scardica / are shown:
• To slow down the aging process of cells;
• To counteract the harmful effects of the environment, especially for sunburn;
• To prevent oxidative degradation of the fragile and valuable components of epidermal fat and muscle tissue;
• To restore the water-lipid balance of the skin;
• To increase the softness and elasticity.
Biologically active cosmetic composition according to utility model contains glycolic extract of Mountain tea / Sideritis scardica / in the range of 1-2% , rose extract / Rosa damascena / 1 to 2.0%, wild yam extract from 0.5 to 2 .00%, Vitamin A Palmitate – from 0.1 to 0.2% vitamin E Acetate from 0.2 to 0.5%.
With the inclusion of Mountaintea extract / SIDERITIS SCARDICA / cosmetic composition biologically achieved multiple effects. Due to the content of flavonoids and fenylpropanoids, the extract has anti-oxidant effect and protects the body from free radicals and active forms of oxygen.
Free radicals and the reactions taking place in their formation are considered the main reason for the destruction of the collagen molecule and skin aging and serious diseases of tissues, such as Alzheimer’s, cataracts, atherosclerosis and others.
From this perspective, the use of Mountain tea extract in preventive cosmetics is fully justified. The extract helps to dispose of free radicals and prevent premature skin aging.
In addition to its antioxidant action, Mountain tea extract has proven antibacterial and antifungal effect.
Villar A, Recio MC, Ríos JL, Zafra-Polo MC (Apr 1986). “Antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Sideritis species.”. Pharmazie 41(4): 298–9
E. González-Burgos, M.E. Carretero, M.P. Gómez-Serranillos.,”Sideritis spp.: Uses, chemical composition and pharmacological activities—A review” Review Article Journal of Ethnopharmacology.Volume 135, Issue 2, 17 May 2011, Pages 209-225
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